50 State Agricultural Rankings

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The tables below offer information about Texas agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, Texas ranks 2nd among the states for total agricultural production. Ranking number one in the livestock and livestock products category and number two in the crops category, Texas is a top ten agricultural state.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 16,498,398 100.0% 2
Livestock products 11,106,987 67.3% 1
Crops 5,391,411 32.7% 4
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Texas' top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists Texas' top commodities in each of Texas' two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

Texas' top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Cattle and calves 48.4% Cotton 9.4%
Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 8.6% Greenhouse/nursery 8.4%
Dairy products 5.9% Corn for grain 2.5%
Chicken eggs 1.9% Hay 2.2%
Hogs 0.5% Wheat 2.0%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Texas is definitely cattle country with almost 1/2 of the state's total agricultural production in cattle and calves. Other livestock products that are important to the state are broilers and dairy products. Rounding out the top five are chicken eggs and hogs.

Texas' number one crop is cotton. Greenhouse and nursery products are also very important in this category followed, at a distance, by grain corn, hay, and wheat.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Texas.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1. Cattle and calves 7,989,786 48.4%
2. Cotton 1,546,320 9.4%
3. Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 1,424,520 8.6%
4. Greenhouse/nursery 1,388,443 8.4%
5. Dairy products 975,718 5.9%
6. Corn for grain 406,299 2.5%
7. Hay 355,498 2.2%
8. Wheat 325,893 2.0%
9. Chicken eggs 306,388 1.9%
10. Sorghum grain 299,581 1.8%
11. Peanuts 156,651 0.9%
12. Rice 124,197 0.8%
13. Onions 112,543 0.7%
14. Hogs 88,675 0.5%
15. Potatoes 67,453 0.4%
16. Pecans 66,760 0.4%
17. Watermelons 60,500 0.4%
18. Cabbage 60,208 0.4%
19. Sheep and lambs 57,893 0.4%
20. Cane for sugar 51,381 0.3%
21. Soybeans 41,785 0.3%
22. Grapefruit 33,873 0.2%
23. Cantaloups 26,760 0.2%
Turkeys *    
Mushrooms *    
* Commodities at the bottom of the above ranked list of commodities and having no accompanying data would have appeared within the ranked list of leading commodities, but were excluded to avoid disclosure of confidential information about individual producers.
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2004 table above contains information about Texas agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for Texas cattle and calves is 7,989,786. This number represents a dollar value of $7,989,786,000 (7,989,786 x 1,000): seven billion, nine hundred and eighty-nine million, seven hundred and eighty-six thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Texas. For example, cattle and calves account for 48.4% of Texas' total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by cattle and calves make up almost 1/2 Texas' total agricultural production.

National ranking highlights - 2004

  • Ranks second for total agricultural production.
  • Ranks first in total total livestock & livestock product production.
  • Ranks first in production of cotton (29% of U.S. production).
  • Ranks first in production of cabbage (18% of U.S. production).
  • Ranks first in production of cattle and calves (18% of U.S. production).

Texas farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Texas farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
229,000 130,072,000 78% 568
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service

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