50 State Agricultural Rankings

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The tables below offer information about Tennessee agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, Tennessee ranks 32nd among the states for total agricultural production.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 2,561,984 100.0% 32
Livestock & livestock products 1,298,979 50.7% 30
Crops 1,263,003 49.3% 29
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Tennessee's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists Tennessee's top commodities in each of Tennessee's two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

Tennessee's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Cattle and calves 20.1% Soybeans 11.0%
Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 17.2% Greenhouse/nursery 10.6%
Dairy products 7.5% Cotton 8.8%
Hogs 1.7% Corn for grain 6.7%
Chicken eggs 1.4% Tobacco 3.0%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Cattle and calves are Tennessee's most important agricultural products, followed closely by broilers. Dairy products are also important to the state and, to a lesser degree, hogs and chicken eggs as well.

Tennessee's big crop is soybeans. Greenhouse and nursery production is also very important to the state. Cotton is ranked third, followed by grain corn and tobacco.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Tennessee.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1. Cattle and calves 514,388 20.1%
2. Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 439,604 17.2%
3. Soybeans 282,763 11.0%
4. Greenhouse/nursery 272,509 10.6%
5. Cotton 225,093 8.8%
6. Dairy products 193,368 7.5%
7. Corn for grain 170,896 6.7%
8. Tobacco 76,061 3.0%
9. Wheat 46,627 1.8%
10. Hogs 42,906 1.7%
11. Tomatoes 42,160 1.6%
12. Hay 41,019 1.6%
13. Chicken eggs 35,511 1.4%
14. Beans, snap 12,045 0.5%
15. Sorghum grain 4,363 0.2%
16. Apples 2,829 0.1%
17. Aquaculture 2,760 0.1%
18. Squash 2,116 0.1%
19. Peaches 1,926 0.1%
20. Farm chickens 1,306 0.1%
21. Sheep and lambs 1,007 Less than 0.1%
22. Honey 557 Less than 0.1%
23. Wool 62 Less than 0.1%
Mushrooms *    
* Commodities at the bottom of the above ranked list of commodities and having no accompanying data would have appeared within the ranked list of leading commodities, but were excluded to avoid disclosure of confidential information about individual producers.
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2004 table above contains information about Tennessee agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of Tennessee cattle and calves is 514,388. This number represents a dollar value of $514,388,000 (514,388 x 1,000): five hundred and fourteen million, three hundred and eighty-eight thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Tennessee. For example, cattle and calves make up 20.1% of Tennessee's total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by cattle and calves add up to a little over 1/5 of Tennessee's total agricultural production.

Tennessee farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Tennessee farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
85,000 11,560,000 44% 136
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service

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