50 State Agricultural Rankings

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The tables below offer information about Pennsylvania agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, Pennsylvania ranks 20th among the states for total agricultural production.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 4,859,336 100.0% 20
Livestock & livestock products 3,314,683 68.2% 14
Crops 1,544,653 31.8% 23
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Pennsylvania's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists Pennsylvania's top commodities in each of Pennsylvania's two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

Pennsylvania's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Dairy products 36.4% Greenhouse/nursery 8.8%
Cattle and calves 9.5% Mushrooms, agaricus 7.8%
Chicken eggs 7.0% Corn for grain 3.9%
Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 6.7% Hay 3.1%
Hogs 5.0% Soybeans 2.2%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Dairy products are the most important product for Pennsylvania, generating well over 1/3 of the state's total agricultural dollars. Cattle and calves, chicken eggs, broilers, and hogs are also important livestock products for the state.

Greenhouse and nursery are the most important "crop" products for the state, followed closely by edible mushrooms (Genus Agaricus). Corn for grain, hay, and soybeans are also important Pennsylvania crops.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Pennsylvania.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1. Dairy products 1,768,976 36.4%
2. Cattle and calves 459,569 9.5%
3. Greenhouse/nursery 425,464 8.8%
4. Mushrooms, agaricus 380,994 7.8%
5. Chicken eggs 339,676 7.0%
6. Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 325,496 6.7%
7. Hogs 242,205 5.0%
8. Corn for grain 188,032 3.9%
9. Hay 152,741 3.1%
10. Turkeys 112,320 2.3%
11. Soybeans 109,144 2.2%
12. Apples 43,410 0.9%
13. Corn, sweet 31,516 0.6%
14. Wheat 22,046 0.5%
15. Grapes 21,818 0.4%
16. Potatoes 18,623 0.4%
17. Tomatoes 16,373 0.3%
18. Peaches 16,114 0.3%
19. Aquaculture 10,923 0.2%
20. Strawberries 10,823 0.2%
21. Beans, snap 10,158 0.2%
22. Tobacco 9,466 0.2%
23. Sheep and lambs 6,399 0.1%
24. Oats 4,385 0.1%
25. Cabbage 4,030 0.1%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2004 table above contains information about Pennsylvania agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of dairy products is 1,768,976. This number represents a dollar value of $1,768,976,000 (1,768,976 x 1,000): one billion, seven hundred and sixty-eight million, nine hundred and seventy-six thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Pennsylvania. For example, Pennsylvania dairy products account for 36.4% of Pennsylvania's total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by dairy products add up to well over 1/3 of Pennsylvania's total agricultural production.

National ranking highlights - 2004

  • Ranks first in production of commercially grown mushrooms (59% of U.S. production).

Pennsylvania farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Pennsylvania farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
58,200 7,682,400 27% 132
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service

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