50 State Agricultural Rankings

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Ohio

Agriculture

The tables below offer information about Ohio agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, Ohio ranks 17th among the states for total agricultural production.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 5,459,380 100.0% 17
Livestock & livestock products 2,072,104 38.0% 21
Crops 3,387,276 62.0% 10
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Ohio's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists Ohio's top commodities in each of Ohio's two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

Ohio's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Dairy products 13.8% Soybeans 22.4%
Hogs 7.4% Corn for grain 18.8%
Chicken eggs 6.1% Greenhouse/nursery 10.8%
Cattle and calves 5.5% Wheat 3.3%
Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 1.9% Hay 1.9%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The top three crop products of Ohio, soybeans, grain corn, and greenhouse and nursery, account for over 1/2 of Ohio's total agricultural production. Wheat and hay are also important crops in Ohio.

Ohio's most important livestock products are dairy products. Hogs, chicken eggs, and cattle and calves are important, followed by broilers.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Ohio.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1. Soybeans 1,220,297 22.4%
2. Corn for grain 1,024,109 18.8%
3. Dairy products 751,980 13.8%
4. Greenhouse/nursery 589,124 10.8%
5. Hogs 402,719 7.4%
6. Chicken eggs 334,040 6.1%
7. Cattle and calves 301,578 5.5%
8. Wheat 178,672 3.3%
9. Hay 101,291 1.9%
10. Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 101,070 1.9%
11. Turkeys 92,324 1.7%
12. Tomatoes 63,451 1.2%
13. Corn, sweet 27,114 0.5%
14. Apples 24,779 0.5%
15. Tobacco 15,316 0.3%
16. Cucumbers 13,424 0.2%
17. Sheep and lambs 11,655 0.2%
18. Potatoes 6,954 0.1%
19. Cabbage 5,932 0.1%
20. Strawberries 5,092 0.1%
21. Peaches 2,911 0.1%
22. Squash 2,911 0.1%
23. Oats 2,690 Less than 0.1%
24. Grapes 2,208 Less than 0.1%
25. Maple products 1,790 Less than 0.1%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2004 table above contains information about Ohio agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of soybeans grown in Ohio is 1,220,297. This number represents a dollar value of $1,220,297,000 (1,220,297 x 1,000): one billion, two hundred and twenty million, two hundred and ninety-seven thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Ohio. For example, soybeans account for 22.4% of Ohio's total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by the production of the soybean crop adds up to over 1/5 of Ohio's total agricultural production.

Ohio farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Ohio farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
77,300 14,609,700 56% 189
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service


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