50 State Agricultural Rankings

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New Mexico

Agriculture

The tables below offer information about New Mexico agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, New Mexico ranks 31st among the states for total agricultural production.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 2,564,863 100.0% 31
Livestock & livestock products 1,999,517 78.0% 23
Crops 565,346 22.0% 37
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

New Mexico's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists New Mexico's top commodities in each of New Mexico's two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

New Mexico's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Dairy products 39.0% Hay 5.0%
Cattle and calves 37.0% Pecans 3.5%
Sheep and lambs 0.3% Greenhouse/nursery 2.3%
Hogs < 0.1% Peppers, chile 1.8%
    Onions 1.7%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Livestock and livestock products are the big commodities from The Land of Enchantment. Dairy products and cattle and calves account for over 3/4 of New Mexico's total agricultural production.

And what do all these animals eat? Hay is New Mexico's most important crop, followed by pecans. Greenhouse and nursery products, chili peppers and onions are also important.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of New Mexico.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1. Dairy products 1,000,224 39.0%
2. Cattle and calves 948,659 37.0%
3. Hay 127,680 5.0%
4. Pecans 88,920 3.5%
5. Greenhouse/nursery 59,873 2.3%
6. Peppers, chile 46,003 1.8%
7. Onions 44,615 1.7%
8. Cotton 32,908 1.3%
9. Wheat 23,776 0.9%
10. Corn for grain 18,493 0.7%
11. Peanuts 14,280 0.6%
12. Potatoes 9,134 0.4%
13. Sheep and lambs 6,667 0.3%
14. Sorghum grain 6,129 0.2%
15. Dry beans 2,976 0.1%
16. Apples 1,045 Less than 0.1%
17. Wool 1,020 Less than 0.1%
18. Hogs 522 Less than 0.1%
19. Honey 429 Less than 0.1%
20. Mohair 66 Less than 0.1%
Chicken eggs *    
Sunflower *    
Farm chickens *    
* Commodities at the bottom of the above ranked list of commodities and having no accompanying data would have appeared within the ranked list of leading commodities, but were excluded to avoid disclosure of confidential information about individual producers.
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2004 table above contains information about New Mexico agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of New Mexico dairy products is 1,000,224. This number represents a dollar value of $1,000,224,000 (1,000,224 x 1,000): ome billion, two hundred and twenty-four thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in New Mexico. For example, dairy products account for 39.0% of New Mexico's total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by dairy products total well over 1/3 of New Mexico's total agricultural production.

National ranking highlights - 2004

  • Ranks first in production of chili peppers (37% of U.S. production).
  • Ranks first in production of pecans (27% of U.S. production).

New Mexico farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

New Mexico farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
17,500 44,695,000 58% 2,554
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service


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