50 State Agricultural Rankings

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The tables below offer information about Maryland agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, Maryland ranks 36th among the states for total agricultural production.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 1,743,357 100.0% 36
Livestock and products 1,010,666 58.0% 34
Crops 732,691 42.0% 35
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Maryland's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists Maryland's top commodities in each of Maryland's two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

Maryland's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 36.0% Greenhouse/nursery 20.7%
Dairy products 11.2% Corn for grain 6.9%
Cattle and calves 4.2% Soybeans 6.4%
Chicken eggs 2.6% Wheat 1.6%
Hogs 0.5% Hay 1.2%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Maryland's top livestock products are broilers. Over 1/3 (36.0%) of the state's total agricultural production is comprised of broilers. Other valuable livestock are dairy products and, to a lesser extent, cattle and calves and chicken eggs. Greenhouse and nursery products are Marylands most valuable crop products. Other important crops are grain corn and soybeans.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Maryland.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1. Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 628,406 36.0%
2. Greenhouse/nursery 360,396 20.7%
3. Dairy products 196,010 11.2%
4. Corn for grain 120,191 6.9%
5. Soybeans 112,155 6.4%
6. Cattle and calves 73,577 4.2%
7. Chicken eggs 45,737 2.6%
8. Wheat 27,565 1.6%
9. Hay 21,121 1.2%
10. Potatoes 9,943 0.6%
11. Hogs 9,577 0.5%
12. Turkeys 5,708 0.3%
13. Apples 5,288 0.3%
14. Watermelons 4,560 0.3%
15. Barley 3,151 0.2%
16. Beans, snap 2,758 0.2%
17. Tobacco 2,292 0.1%
18. Peaches 2,289 0.1%
19. Spinach 1,645 0.1%
20. Sheep and lambs 1,343 0.1%
Corn, sweet *    
Cucumbers *    
Tomatoes *    
Peas, green    
Mushrooms *    
* Commodities at the bottom of the above ranked list of commodities and having no accompanying data would have appeared within the ranked list of leading commodities, but were excluded to avoid disclosure of confidential information about individual producers.
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2004 table above contains information about Maryland agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of broilers produced in Maryland is 628,406. This number represents a dollar value of $628,406,000 (628,406 x 1,000): six hundred and twenty-eight million, four hundred and six thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Maryland. For example, broilers account for 36.0% of Maryland's total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by the production of broilers add up to more than 1/3 Maryland's total agricultural production.

Maryland farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Maryland farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
12,100 2,044,900 33% 169
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service

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