50 State Agricultural Rankings

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The tables below offer information about Iowa agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, Iowa ranks 3rd, among the states for total agricultural production. Iowa's total agricultural production, which ranks behind only California and Texas, is fairly evenly balanced between livestock and crop production.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 14,652,946 100.0% 3
Livestock and products 7,284,172 49.7% 4
Crops 7,368,773 50.3% 3
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Iowa's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists Iowa's top commodities in each of Iowa's two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

Iowa's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Hogs 25.9% Corn for grain 28.8%
Cattle and calves 14.5% Soybeans 19.7%
Dairy products 4.2% Hay 0.8%
Chicken eggs 3.4% Greenhouse/nursery 0.6%
Sheep and lambs 0.2% Oats 0.1%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Though its production is not diverse, Iowa is a powerful agricultural state, ranked number three behind California and Texas in total agricultural production.

It's top crops are grain corn and soybeans while its top livestock products are hogs and cattle and calves.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Iowa.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1. Corn for grain 4,220,252 28.8%
2. Hogs 3,801,018 25.9%
3. Soybeans 2,887,238 19.7%
4. Cattle and calves 2,124,600 14.5%
5. Dairy products 620,052 4.2%
6. Chicken eggs 491,586 3.4%
7. Hay 121,025 0.8%
8. Greenhouse/nursery 92,336 0.6%
9. Sheep and lambs 34,600 0.2%
10. Oats 7,412 0.1%
11. Wheat 4,438 Less than 0.1%
12. Honey 3,002 Less than 0.1%
13. Apples 2,145 Less than 0.1%
14. Wool 466 Less than 0.1%
15. Farm chickens 76 Less than 0.1%
Turkeys *    
Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) *    
* Commodities at the bottom of the above ranked list of commodities and having no accompanying data would have appeared within the ranked list of leading commodities, but were excluded to avoid disclosure of confidential information about individual producers.
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2004 table above contains information about Iowa agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of grain corn is 4,220,252. This number represents a dollar value of $4,220,252,000 (4,220,252 x 1,000): four billion, two hundred and twenty million, two hundred and fifty-two thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Iowa. For example, grain corn accounts for 28.8% of Iowa's total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by the production of grain corn account well over 1/4 of Iowa's total agricultural production.

National ranking highlights - 2004

  • Ranks third in total agricultural production.
  • Ranks third in total crops production.
  • Ranks first in production of hogs (27% of U.S. production).
  • Ranks first in production of corn for grain (19% of U.S. production).

Iowa farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Iowa farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
89,700 31,664,100 89% 353
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service

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