50 State Agricultural Rankings

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The tables below offer information about Idaho agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004

As you can see from the table below, Idaho ranks 21st among the states for total agricultural production with a more production in the livestock and livestock products category than in crops.

Commodity groups cash receipts - 2004
Product Group Value ($1,000) % State total State rank
All commodities 4,349,253 100.0% 21
Livestock products 2,530,574 58.2% 18
Crops 1,818,680 41.8% 20
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Idaho's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004

This table lists Idaho's top commodities in each of Idaho's two agriculutural groups, livestock and crops.

Idaho's top five commodities by cash receipts - 2004
Livestock products % State total Crop products % State total
Dairy products 31.2% Potatoes 11.6%
Cattle and calves 24.4% Wheat 7.6%
Aquaculture 0.8% Hay 6.1%
Sheep and lambs 0.5% Sugar beets 5.0%
Chicken eggs 0.3% Barley 3.8%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Almost 1/3 of Idaho's total agricultural production is provided by its number one agricultural commodity, dairy products. Cattle and calves run a strong second and make up 1/4 of state's agricultural production. In the livestock group, aquaculture (rainbow trout, steelhead, salmon, sturgeon, catfish, tilapia, and tropical fish), sheep and lambs are of lesser importance.

In the crop group, potatoes are Idaho's number one product. Wheat, hay, and sugar beets are also important crops with barley rounding out the top five.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Idaho.

Leading commodities for cash receipts - 2004
Product Value ($1,000) % State Value
1.Dairy products 1,358,400 31.2%
2.Cattle and calves 1,059,388 24.4%
3.Potatoes 503,034 11.6%
4.Wheat 332,091 7.6%
5.Hay 265,042 6.1%
6.Sugar beets 216,980 5.0%
7. Barley 163,537 3.8%
8.Greenhouse/nursery 87,701 2.0%
9. Onions 58,544 1.3%
10.Aquaculture 33,174 0.8%
11. Dry beans 31,666 0.7%
12. Sheep and lambs 20,949 0.5%
13.Corn for grain 18,802 0.4%
14. Mint 15,174 0.3%
15.Chicken eggs 14,479 0.3%
16.Apples 11,967 0.3%
17. Lentils 11,473 0.3%
18. Dry peas 11,179 0.3%
19. Hops 8,264 0.2%
20. Corn, sweet 6,950 0.2%
21. Peaches 6,388 0.1%
22. Honey 6,363 0.1%
23.Hogs 4,825 0.1%
24. Cherries 4,323 0.1%
Peas, green *    
*Commodities at the bottom of the above ranked list of commodities and having no accompanying data would have appeared within the ranked list of leading commodities, but were excluded to avoid disclosure of confidential information about individual producers.
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2004 table above contains information about Idaho agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of dairy products in Idaho is 1,358,400. This number represents a dollar value of $1,358,400,000 (1,358,400 x 1,000): one billion, three hundred and fifty-eight million, four hundred thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Idaho. For example, dairy products contribute to 31.2% of Idaho's total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by the production of dairy products add up to almost 1/3 of Idaho's total agricultural production.

National ranking highlights - 2004

  • Ranks first in production of potatoes (21% of U.S. production).
  • Idaho is the nation's largest producer of rainbow trout.

Idaho farms and farmland - 2004

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Argriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Idaho farms and farmland - 2004
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
25,000 11,800,000 22% 472
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service

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