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Alabama

Agriculture: 2012

The tables below offer information about Alabama agriculture from the general agricultural groups to the more specific commodities or products. The ranking assigned to a given commodity is based on the commodity's cash receipts; how much money it made.

Commodity groups cash receipts: 2012

As you can see from the table below, Alabama ranks 25th among the states for total agricultural production. Over 70% of Alabama's production is in livestock and livestock products.

Commodity groups cash receipts: 2012
Product Group Value ($1,000) % of state total Rank among states
All commodities 5,349,114 100% 25th
Livestock products 3,929,392 73.5% 16th
Crops 1,419,722 26.5% 33rd
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Alabama's top five commodities by cash receipts: 2012

This table lists Alabama's top commodities in each general agriculutural group, livestock and crops.

Alabama's top five commodities by cash receipts: 2012
Livestock products % of state total Crop products % of state total
Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 52.5% Peanuts 5.5%
Cattle & calves 10.0% Cotton lint 5.3%
Chicken eggs 6.6% Corn 3.5%
Aquaculture 2.1% Soybeans 3.3%
Hogs 0.7% Wheat 1.5%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

Alabama's agricultural production is found, for the most part, in the livestock and livestock products category. The state's number one agricultural commodity is broilers, chickens that are 9 to 12 weeks old. They account for over 1/2 of the state's total agricultural production. Cattle and calves are important to the state too. Eggs, aquaculture(25 farm raised species, incuding channel catfish, tilapia, shrimp, crawfish, ornamental and game fish), and hogs round out the top five commodities in the livestock products category.

Peanuts and cotton share the spotlight as the most valuable "crop" products produced in the State of Alabama. Corn for grain and soybeans are important too. Wheat finishes off the top five crop products of the state.

Leading commodities for cash receipts: 2012

This table offers a more complete view of the most important agricultural products of Alabama.

Leading commodities for cash receipts: 2012
Product Value ($1,000) % of state total
1.Broilers (9-12 week old chickens) 2,810,100 52.5%
2.Cattle & calves 536,122 10.0%
3.Chicken eggs 351,929 6.6%
4.Peanuts 293,441 5.5%
5.Cotton lint 282,891 5.3%
6.Corn 189,765 3.5%
7.Soybeans 178,308 3.3%
8.Aquaculture 110,581 2.1%
9.Wheat 80,470 1.5%
10.Hay 40,591 0.8%
11.Hogs 40,065 0.7%
12.Cottonseed 35,002 0.7%
13.Dairy products, milk 28,296 0.5%
14.Tomatoes 12,730 0.2%
15.Farm chickens 11,952 0.2%
16.Sweet potatoes 9,782 0.2%
17.Pecans 5,258 0.1%
18.Peaches 4,960 0.1%
19.Watermelons 3,955 0.1%
20.Sweet corn 1,757 Less than 0.1%
21.Oats 1,702 Less than 0.1%
22.Blueberries 1,484 Less than 0.1%
23.Honey 1,050 Less than 0.1%
Source: USDA:Economic Research Service

The 2012 table above contains information about Alabama agricultural production provided by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture.

The first column of the table lists the product (commodity).

The second column of the table lists a number representing the dollar value of the product. This number is not the dollar value of the product. This number represents the dollar value of the product in thousands of dollars. For example, the number listed for the value of broilers produced in Alabama is 2,810,100. This number represents a dollar value of $2,810,100,000 (2,810,100 x 1,000): two billion, eight hundred and ten million, one hundred thousand dollars.

The third column of the table lists the percent (part) of the total agricultural value produced in Alabama. For example, broilers account for 52.5% of Alabama's total agricultural production value. The dollars generated by the production of broilers add up to over 1/2 of Alabama's total agricultural production.

Alabama farms and farmland: 2012

Because of different rounding methods (e.g., farm acres given by the National Agriculture Statistics Service), percentage of farmland per state should be considered a rough estimate.

Alabama farms and farmland: 2012
Number of farms Total farm acres Percent of state Average farm size (acres)
43,223 8,902,654 26.53% 206
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service 2012 Census of Agriculture, Table 1
Farms by legal status for tax purposes: 2012
Family / individual % of whole Partnership % of whole Corporation % of whole Other-cooperative, estate or trust, institutional % of whole
39,417 91% 2,107 5% 1,316 3% 383 1%
Source: USDA:National Agriculture Statistics Service 2012 Census of Agriculture, Table 1


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